70% Chardonnay from Avize, with a little from Oger and Le Mesnil-sur-Oger, 30% Pinot Noir from Ay and Ambonnay: vines more than 50 years of age; vinified in new and old barrels: 3g/l dosage.
France is one of the largest wine producers in the world. French wine traces its history to the 6th century BC, with many of France's regions dating their wine-making history to Roman times. The wines produced range from expensive high-end wines sold internationally to more modest wines usually only seen within France. Two concepts central to higher end French wines are the notion of "terroir", which links the style of the wines to the specific locations where the grapes are grown and the wine is made, and the Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) system. Appellation rules closely define which grape varieties and winemaking practices are approved for classification in each of France's several hundred geographically defined appellations, which can cover entire regions, individual villages or even specific vineyards. France is the source of many grape varieties (Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Sauvignon Blanc, Syrah) that are now planted throughout the world, as well as wine-making practices and styles of wine that have been adopted in other producing countries.
Varietal: Champagne Blend
As a general rule, grapes used must be the white Chardonnay, or the dark-skinned "red wine grapes" Pinot Noir or Pinot Meunier, which, due to the gentle pressing of the grapes and absence of skin contact during fermentation, usually also yield a white base wine. Most Champagnes, including Rose wines, are made from a blend of all three grapes, although Blanc de Blanc ("white from white") Champagnes are made from 100% Chardonnay and Blanc de Noir ("white from black") Champagnes are made solely from Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier or a mix of the two. The 2010 version of the appellation regulations lists seven varieties as allowed, Arbane, Chardonnay, Petit Meslier, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pinot Meunier, and Pinot Noir. The sparsely cultivated varieties of Arbanne, Petit Meslier and Pinot blanc, might still be found in modern cuvées from a few producers.